Drama “A Doll’s House” Essay
- Date:Jul 12, 2019
- Category:A Doll's House
The most important part of the drama A Doll’s House is its last scene which highlights the characteristics of the main character of the drama i.e. Nora. The last scene of the drama, along has its importance, is quite debatable and experiences endless arguments. This interesting scene has certain complexities as well. Though the act of Nora is that of a hero, the reader observes more of selfishness than heroism in leaving her kids.
After reading the letter of Krogstad, Torvald behaved entirely differently from what Nora had expected. In the beginning of the scene, the speech he gave to Nora makes the reader remember that he is just a social prig who wants to salvage everything and anything he can through dishonesty. He is extremely annoyed at the act of Nora.
But the point of discussion here is the conduct of Nora. Should the act of Nora be taken as a heroic one or should it be considered as selfishness?
At first sight the conduct of Nora can be approached in two manners. At this stage she might have got a mature and deeper insight of herself than she had previously, and she might have developed an impulsive understanding of her innate unsatisfied nature about her former existence. She blames Travold, her husband, and also her father and says that they are the reason for her not able to achieve anything and now she is ready for freedom. The comments made by Nora make the readers realise the development of a new woman who is entirely different form her earlier being. But for many critics this transformation is unbelievable.
This explanation can become the reason of celebration as Nora has got freedom and an authority over her activities which develop her self-respect as compared to her previous life of compromise wherein she did not have any respect of herself. Her desire is to get importance and worth and now she has realised that she can achieve that dignity by herself and this worth can be achieved only outside her home.
But on the other hand, the readers observe that Nora is quite stubborn in this scene. As always, she does what she wants to while giving no importance to what others are saying. She justifies her act by charging others about her previous life and she gives no importance to the experiences or good memories from her previous life that she and her husband, Travold, shared.
The reader should try to evaluate the acts of Nora wisely. At the point when she is of the view that there never occurred any serious discussion between her and her husband, the reader must think what the reason might have been for that. She blames men for doing her wrong in her previous life but the reader should be able to analyse that she is responsible for her current acts as well.
Why is Nora blaming her husband and father and why not stating herself to be the reason behind her not attaining any achievement in the past? If she wanted to have a discussion with her husband in the eight years of their married life, why did she not start one herself and indulge him in it?
At this point the question that arises is whether Nora is actually able to have a good conversation. Does she have enough patience to listen to others and does she develop interest in what others are saying? In the play there is not much evidence of her having any such trait. Her way of dealing with people is other than communication and the final scene proves itself to be a good example.
In the last scene Nora and her husband are not involved in any kind of discourse as Nora is not ready to listen to him. She has taken a decision and now nothing matters to her anymore. According to her set plan she has said goodbye to her previous life and, at any cost, she is not ready to communicate any new strategy that would help them live a happy life together; rather, she is determined to fit in her new role and is not willing to change it.
The reader should also see the offers that Torvold is making so that Nora does not leave. He is ready to change and is willing to live together like brother and sister. His desire is to remain in contact with her and, for this reason, he indicates in every possible way that he is in love with Nora. He is ready to do anything Nora wants from him and to keep the relationship in any form Nora wishes. However, Nora is unwilling to change her mind and decision. She provides several reasons for her decision but none of them convince the reader as they are pretty illogical. For instance, she says “I must try to discover who is right, society or me”. The reader does not observe any rationality in her behaviour and it is apparent that she is just being emotional.
Nora is unwilling to compromise for the sake of the person who loves her dearly and for her own children too since they have never actually been an important part of her sense of herself. So, her act of leaving her home does not serve any sensible principle and it is an essential declaration which resulted from her own selfishness. It is just an act of egocentricity.
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll’s House. Serenity Publishers (2009) pp.7- 114