Antigone vs Krapp’s Last Tape: Compare & Contrast
“Antigone” is a Greek Tragedy that employs Greek stasimon, or a chorus between the action parts of the play. The conventions of this play are by acting against the gods, Creon brought disaster upon himself. The moral of the story is every action has a consequence. Creon’s consequences were the death of his wife and son, because of his actions. The actions he committed were to refuse Polyneices a proper burial, and then putting Antigone in a cave after she buried her brother. The protagonist in this play was Antigone. The antagonist was Creon. “Antigone” has a pyramidal pattern. The rising action is the events leading up to Creon imprisoning Antigone. The climax is the death of Antigone, Creon’s wife, and Creon’s son. The falling action is Creon’s realization that he should not offend the gods.
“Krapp’s Last Tape” is a one-act-play. The setting is a table in the light with darkness all around. The hamartia, or tragic flaw, of Krapp’s, is the darkness that always surrounds him. The audience is filled with catharsis for this character because Krapps is self-loathing. At thirty, he hated what he was at twenty, at twenty he hate what he was at in his teens, and so forth. Looking back on his life, Krapps has nothing but regrets and sadness.
“Antigone” and “Krapp’s Last Tape” have more differences than similarities. “Antigone” is a Greek Tragedy set in Ancient Greece, while “Krapps last Tape is set in the 20th century. The Greek stasimon is not used in “Krapp’s Last Tape”, but is used in “Antigone”. In “Antigone” a moral is being given, while no moral exists in “Krapp’s Last Tape”. Creon exhibits self-confidence, stubbornness, and leadership, while Krapps is shown as having little or no confidence, weakness, and a tendency to look into the past or future instead of living in the present. The differences go on and on. Two similarities exist for these plays. One similarity is neither play has acts or scenes. The second is Creon and Krapps both regret life decisions. These two plays are more different than similar in themes, structure, and dialogue.
The theme of “Antigone” is to teach a moral lesson. The lesson is to act responsibly toward others, enemies, and friends. Creon’s refusal to bury Polyneices offended the gods.
Respect for the dead is a major theme, along with the consequences of punishing the innocent. Antigone’s desire to bury her brother infuriated Creon. Antigone’s actions were out of love, while Creon was out of revenge and hatred. The moral could be actions resulting from revenge and hatred cause negative consequences. In Creon’s defense, he does realize his mistakes after losing his wife and son.
“Krapp’s Last Tape” has a darker theme. Krapp does not learn a lesson. The theme is Krapps likes to relish in his self-loathing. He does not want to learn a lesson. The ritual of reviewing and making his tapes are so he can relish this action over and over. Krapp’s is a no confident loser. He whines about his lack of book sales. Instead of trying to make his life better, Krapps would rather be miserable.
“Antigone” and “Krapp’s’ last Tape” have polar opposite themes. “Antigone” teaches a moral lesson, while “Krapps’ last Tape” has no moral lesson. The two plays also are diverse in their main characters. Creon is a self-assured man, while Krapps is the last thing from an assured man. Creon learns from his mistakes, while Krapps keeps making the same mistake over and over. There is hope at the end of “Antigone”. The hope is Creon has learned his lesson and goes on with his life. Krapp’s, on the other hand, will keep making the same mistakes for the rest of his life. The structures of the play are also dissimilar. “Antigone” uses the Greek stasimon, whereas “Krapps last Tape” is classified as a one-act-play. These two plays could not have more different themes or main characters.