Apology Short Summary
he text by Plato begins when Socrates is facing a myriad of accusations. The claims include making many inquiries about life, allowing a weaker argument to win against a strong one and asking for payment after teaching people. He intends to prove the prosecution is lying but requests to be allowed to talk the way he does in the market as he is unaccustomed to the ways of the courts.
Socrates follows a specific chronology as he defends himself. He claims that the accusation he is facing is because he is a philosopher. Therefore, theorist goes out of his way to prove why he is considered as a wise person. Socrates gives an example where the oracle told Chaerophon, Socrates’s childhood friend that Socrates was the wisest person.
After that, Socrates went on to interview the people who were considered wise such as poets and other artisans. Socrates concluded that none of these people was as wise as people claimed. He claimed that there are many things that these people did not know that Socrates knew. The examination that he did on these people made the community to hate him. Just because he proved the other people were unwise, the people thought that he was classifying himself as the wisest man in the community. Consequently, Socrates saw it fit to educate the people who felt they were wise when they were not. However, Socrates has ended up being miserable with the following of people who want to learn. The worst thing is that he is being prosecuted.
Socrates tries to prove his innocence. He uses the conversation with Meletus to show that Meletus has not put enough thought on the accusation that Socrates intends to corrupt the minds of young people. Socrates says he benefits these young minds.
On the accusation that he does not believe in the gods, Socrates claims the accusation is nonsensical as he was already being accused of giving people knowledge on supernatural powers. Socrates knows that none of the accusations is reasonable. The problem is that the masses hate him. He says he does not have any fears. Socrates argues that no one can scare him as there is no being with proper knowledge of death. If death is eternal rest, it is a peaceful process. He wants to die honorably. The final verdict is that Socrates is guilty of all the charges.