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The Idea of Nature between the Book of “Genesis” from the Bible and “The Divine Comedy” 1: Hell by Dante

The Idea of Nature between the Book of “Genesis” from the Bible and “The Divine Comedy” 1: Hell by Dante
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Nature has various ways in which it can be explained. The Christians will largely follow the Genesis Bible, while Dante had his own way explaining at a different version. Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 to 1321 and wrote his poem the divine comedy during the thirteen years of his life while he was in exile from his hometown. Dante had works he created, that inferno, purgatory, and paradise. In each of the three sections, Dante recounts the travel of Pilgrim through Hell, Purgatory and in heaven where he met God face to face. Later, he wrote to Can Grande Della Scala, he said that his poem were on a literal level and were not real having the Bible as one of its primary source.

The Divine Comedy

Dante lived in the times when categorization was based in many things. This poem is segmented into Inferno, Purgatory, and Paradise. The books in turn are broken down into canti or chapters. Inferno has 34, purgatory has 33, and paradise has 33. In total one hundred Canti, and with each sentence on its own and thirty-three chapters. Its similarity to the bible is that it represents the holy trinity, God the Father, Christ the Son and Holy Spirit.

The Inferno

According to Dante, Hell is cone shaped and points out to the core of the Earth. He then divided his Hellish cone into hierarchy an orderly structure and split them into the Upper and Lower Hell. During the revolution, the rivers Acheron, Phlgehon, and Styx flow down into the pit of the Bottom Hell. These now became Cocytus an ice Lake where Lucifer was imprisoned. On this region (hell), Dante sent his alter ego. The pilgrim and Virgil the Pilgrims Guide. Virgil happened to be the best classical Latin poets. Virgil represented quality the Pilgrim needed to get him through the first two regions, Hell and Purgatory. It if happens he reaches the third, paradise his faith will largely takeover of which he might be guided there.

The Genesis in the Bible

God created Heaven and Earth and it was without any form; it was a void filled darkness. God said later Let There Be Light, and there was light divided from darkness. God called light Day and Night and evening were the first days. He said let there be a firmament in the midst of water and it divided it from the water (Genesis 7). God called Firmament Haven and evening and morning were the second day. Water was gathered into one place and he called the dry land earth and gathering together of water as seas. He created the earth and the universe up the sixth day and rested on the seventh day after creating man and woman on the sixth in his own image and likeness. Man was made out dust and was personally fashioned by God. A river went out to water the Garden of Eden.

Similarities and Differences

They both have days where creation was made with each day having different work in them. In both, sinners were punished for their evil deeds. In addition, the earth is divided into different sections. Lucifer is mentioned as a good poet in classical music while in genesis Lucifer has not been mentioned.


The ideologies between the book of Genesis and the Divine Comedy are exceptionally different. Habitually, they posses different idea with dissimilar meanings; hence, signifying different beliefs. Divine Comedy is based on myth but has a great influence to the idea of nature since most its poets are almost real. Dante managed to bring people together using his poems in his own Italian version but not Latin the language of the church. The Genesis in the bible uses belief based in Christianity, in which God created the earth and all that is in it. Genesis points the hierarchy of the events and their systematic movement.

Works Cited
The Bible. Genesis 1:26
Dante, Alighieri, Charles, Eliot Norton. Dantes Inferno (the Divine Comedy, Volume 1, and Hell: Erichtho. Digireads.com Publishing, 2005.