Oedipus a Tragic Hero by Sophocles

Oedipus a Tragic Hero by Sophocles
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A tragic hero is defined as someone who makes an error in judgment that leads to their downfall. In Sophocles’ play Oedipus Rex, the title character fits this definition perfectly. Oedipus is born to King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes but is prophesied to one day kill his father and marry his mother. To prevent this from happening, Oedipus is abandoned as a baby on Mount Cithaeron. He is found and raised by shepherds before eventually making his way to Thebes, where he becomes king after solving the riddle of the Sphinx. Oedipus’ tragic error in judgment comes when he unwittingly kills his father and marries his mother, fulfilling the prophecy. This leads to Oedipus’ downfall, as he is exiled from Thebes and blinded. While Oedipus may have made a tragic error in judgment, he is still a heroic figure. He is courageous, intelligent, and cares deeply for his people. These qualities make him a tragic hero, and allow him to retain our sympathy even as he suffers for his mistakes.

The Fall of Oedipus as a Tragic Hero

Oedipus was always destined for greatness. As the son of King Laius and Queen Jocasta, he was royalty. But his life took a turn for the worse when an oracle prophesied that he would one day kill his father and marry his mother.

To avoid this fate, Oedipus was sent away from home as a baby. He was raised by another family, unaware of his true identity. But the prophecy came true anyway. Oedipus killed his father (who he didn’t know was his father) in a fight and married his mother (who he didn’t know was his mother).

When the truth was finally revealed, Oedipus was devastated. He had unwittingly fulfilled the prophecy and caused great pain to those he loved. As a result of his actions, Oedipus was exiled from his kingdom. He wandered the land, blinded and alone until he finally took his own life.

Oedipus was a tragic hero. He was born into royalty and had all the potential in the world. But his life was ultimately undone by the very thing that made him great – his tragedy.

The Tragedy of Oedipus Rex

The Tragedy of Oedipus Rex is a play by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC. It tells the story of Oedipus, a man who becomes king of Thebes only to discover that he has killed his father and married his mother. This revelation leads to Oedipus’ downfall and eventual suicide.

The play is considered a classic example of tragedy, and Oedipus is often cited as the quintessential tragic hero. He is a complex and contradictory character; at once noble and foolish, courageous and self-destructive. His story contains elements of both fate and free will and raises important questions about the nature of truth and knowledge.

Oedipus’ Tragic Error

Oedipus’ tragic error was his hubris. His overweening pride led him to believe that he could outwit the gods and avoid his fate. This led him to kill his father and marry his mother, which resulted in his downfall. Although Oedipus is a tragic hero, he is not a perfect man. His error was his tragic flaw, which led to his downfall.


Oedipus may have been a tragic hero, but his story is also a cautionary tale. His actions led to his downfall, and his hubris was ultimately his undoing. We can learn from Oedipus’ mistakes and use his story as a warning against pride and overconfidence. When we understand the dangers of hubris, we can avoid making the same mistakes and prevent tragedy from striking in our own lives.