The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn begins from the ending of the former novel, Tom Sawyer where huckleberry and his colleague found gold pieces in a cave possessed by robbers. The efforts of Widow Douglas to change huck were futile (Twain 5). Huck had flown from her area because he could not tolerate the conditions subjected to him. However, Huck returned because he intends to join a robbers group. The entire novel explains the characters in relation to the 19th century political, economic and social perspectives. In this essay, we shall compare plus contrast the characters in the novel with the inhabitants of America in 19th century. Huckleberry Finn is an exemplification of the 19th century America (Twain 6).
The author uses Huck finn in various scenes, in the novel, in a way that depicts the polite society plus mannerism in the 19th century American state (Armstrong 13). Evidence of polite society is evident in the story where Huck’s father is a drunkard and Huck as a little boy has to tolerate the behavior of his ever-drunk father (Twain 12). He had complexities coping with the society especially when Widow and Watson decide to change his behavior. They expect him to conform to a religion that is meaningless according to his views. Attempting to transform hack, Watson mentions hell indicating it a horrible place that people like hack will go. Huck fails to care and responds to them by accepting the verdict of hell. He would like a change of environment by ending up there. The author presents hack as a lower class personality with the ability to question societal norms and practices (Devis 15).
While portraying the elimination of slavery in the north, the author presents Huck in a situation that questions the integrity of people. For example, Huck is around people who use slaves for various activities (Twain 8). It is ironical how Widow attempts to change the behavior of Huck, yet she does not have an insight of her own behavior. It is immoral to own slaves, but the owners seem good with the slaves which depict their hypocrisy in the society (Twain 11).
The author portrays the common man in the novel where he includes the origin of American culture, painting Jackson’s power and Jefferson’s idea of democracy. While escaping with Jim, Huck encounters various scenes, for example, killing of the drunk-man. The dukes are organizing an entertainment function (Twain 60). They thus advertise their performance by placing posters. When the mob attempts to confront the shooter of the drunken man, the shooter scares them by shooting in the air. This portrays the common man of America during the 1840s (Armstrong 7).
In the late 1800’s the American south encountered political violence in the attempt to eliminate slavery. There was immense racism, which triggered violence, between blacks and whites. The author portrays the condition in the south by including the scene of a crowd lynching the shooter of the drunken man. Huck and Jim encounters farmers with guns and are able to escape after a shootout (Twain 420). Despite Jim’s effort to help Tom, the crowds holding him have an intention of killing him, but they fear compensation that may arise if the owner of the slave finds out. In Huckleberry Finn adventure, the caste system is evident where there is numerous bias based on race and social class. Huck narrates his encounter with slavery and racial alienation (Devis 14).
Twain mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York: Echo Library. 2007. Print
Devis, Arthur. Polite Society: Portraits of the English Country Gentleman and His Family 1712- 1787. Preston: Harris Museum and Art Gallery, 1983. Print.
Armstrong, Stephen, and Edward McBride. Mcgraw-hill: 5 Steps to a 5: Ap U.s. History. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004. Print.