Myths are discussed by many but as false stories. Many think that myths only exist in the past, especially in the Greco-Roman world and do not have any influence over the modern world. However, myths are present in the contemporary world and influence the modern man. In the contemporary world, mythic images constantly create a connection for people. The ancient mythological symbols modern in literature, art in astronomy, and a host of other disciplines move modern man. The modern mythologies, for instance, American mythology, create and preserve values in society. The American legends, tales, and stories define people’s self-perceptions and desires. People have misappropriated the word myth and equate it to false. However, the truths that underlie the people’s myths are far more accurate than the events that history. This essay will discuss myths based on The Hobbit (Tolkien) and discuss their psychological implications, historical contexts and world views.
The Hobbit is a 1936 children’s story by John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. It narrates about a small person who plays a role in a great adventure (Tolkien, 2001). The imagery and playful tone make the novel suitable for both adults and children. The success of The Hobbit also gave Tolkien a vast public that was anxious to learn more about the methodically established world that he had created around his created mythology and language, only a small part of which was thorough in The Hobbit. The novel is an embodiment of the modern use of myths. The character and plot of The Hobbit combine the ancient heroic Scandinavian epics and Anglo-Saxon. In many ways, the charm and humor of the novel lie in relocating a simple, countryside Englishman of the 1930s into a heroic feudal setting. Tolkien accredited that his hero, Bilbo Baggins, was decorative on the rural Englishmen of his own time (Casey, 1977).
The psychological implication of myths may be categorized as a representation and a necessary component of the human psyche. As a representation, the most shared belief about the psychological significance of a myth is that mythologies embody different elements of a human’s own souls or psyches (White, 1971). Not only modern writers, but also the ancient writers engage in this interpretation. Greek Aphrodite and Roman goddess Venus, for instance, is possibly the best-known symbol that symbolizes love, especially in its erotic and sometimes romantic aspects (Rosenberg, 2009). Myth as an essential constituent of the human psyche it a theory believes that myth is a significant part of the human psyche. A human being needed myth in their lives to live a normal functionally existence. For instance, the dissimilarities among Tolkien’s fictional races are a key focus of the novel, predominantly in its second half. Dwarves, elves, goblins, and trolls differ from one another psychologically, morally, and physically. This shows that humans are hereditarily programmed to think in story form. Stories are how humans remember the significant events in their own lives, how they remember world events the best, and how they understand the meaning in the lives of people around them (Rosenberg, 2009).
According to Fimi (2009), race and fairness are the points on the historical continuum Tolkien takes into standpoint. This gives the myths in The Hobbit a historical context. Tolkien’s The Hobbit creativity as his legendary developments from the mythology of Anglo-Saxon for England to a more realistic pseudo-history of a proto-historic period of Europe, as a reaction to his historical realism. The time the author lived affects his writing. The problem of “race” found in the novel follows the progress of this subject from racial anthropology, to eugenics, to racism, protecting Tolkien from indictments of being a racist, by establishing how Tolkien’s opinions fit within those of his social group (Fimi, 2009).
Everybody exhibits a worldview that deals with main issues such as the source of good and evil. Since it is a perennial issue of human existence, no one can escape it. Realism, as well as the fictional worldviews, offers an interpretation of good and evil. Tolkien creates their fictitious worldviews in The Hobbit. He bases his worldview neither on materialism nor differentiation but Christian religion. These are imaginary worlds that once begun entirely well and then later tarnished by evil.
In conclusion, myths have psychological implications, historical contexts, and worldviews. The Hobbit is modern mythology that describes an adventure of a small person and uses imagery and playful tone that make the novel suitable for both adults and children. The psychological implication of myths may be categorized as representation and a necessary component of the human psyche. Race and fairness define the historical context of The Hobbit. The novel has a Christian religion worldview.
Casey, L. (1977). Mythological Heritage of Hawaii’s Royal Women. Educational Perspectives, 16(1), 3–9.
Fimi, D. (2009). Tolkien, race, and cultural history (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rosenberg, D. (1999). World mythology (1st ed.). Lincolnwood, Ill.: NTC McGraw-Hil.
Tolkien, J. (2001). The hobbit (1st ed.). St. Paul, Minn.: HighBridge.
White, J. (1971). Mythology in the modern novel: a study of prefigurative techniques. Princeton University Press.