The Republic Brief Summary
Plato’s argument on justice is what creates the existing environment. The environment implies social setup and political affiliation. The majority in this scenario do not necessarily mean the population or number rather it implies social class based on resources and other benefits. The human mind is designed in identifying what is right from those that are right from wrongs. There is the tendency of individuals to avenge any wrong done upon them. The reasoning behind making any decisions are based on the human mind to respect existing laws and make their own judgment based on their own philosophies. The injustices displayed by society are majorly attributed to factors controllable by the human race. This is what the essay would evaluate and the tendency of any given individual to choose wrongdoing based on the two forms of justice will be analyzed as well also the essay while a focus on the republic with the main themes being on the individual and political justice. Social justice will be discussed based on the outcome of the two injustices. The imbalanced nature in a society that these justices try to cover will lay the basis of the essay discussion.
The existing classes that Plato suggests to be included in the republic define justice. The proposed justice emerges when given individuals rightful interaction across all the classes. To bring about the justice different classes must exist. The classes as used as a means of ensuring the activities of each given group are measured on the basis of their interactions with others. The hardworking citizens tend to ripe more from the organizational set up as compared to those unwilling or employ fewer tactics while generating resources. The provided resources them create a complicit as those successful consider the other population to be weak and less productive while the failures tend to relate their failures to the organization of society and the blames the rich for their mischief and term them as oppressive to their stay in society (Plato, 1998, p 78). The scenario creates a conflict of interest as most would try to close the gap that exists between the two classes in the republic. The argument carried on by Socrates indicates the differences that each individual posses in a societal` setup. The injustices that nature provides give a hindrance to Plato’s argument on equality and justice.
The other justice identified by Plato is social justice in the sense that decisions are based on the societal benefits rather than individual philosophies. Plato provides justice and classifies and sets two major conditions in which social justice operates (Plato, 1998, p 98). The main concern of these justices is to offer equality and eliminate social injustices. The method of distribution for these justices depends on the nature and composition of a society. The distribution is based on the nature of which this justice is presented. The focus in a balanced and society the Plato focuses on the issues that identify the causes of imbalance. The imbalances are majorly brought about by unfair distribution of the resources. It is evident how the resources bring about injustices. The injustices are either brought upon by the individuals themselves as the rate in which people work to attain different values in society differs from each other. The republic represents the social composition of a given society. It gives room for diversity with each aspect of society being represented by the entire book. Plato dwells majorly on the individual’s contribution to the development of a successful society. The societal benefits are more of a priority than those identified as personal benefits. A mechanism to measure efforts by an individual depends majorly on their success story.
Plato’s theory of justice focuses on two major contributors. The initial contributor towards political justice is the own self aspect in which he associates the individual aspect to satisfy personal needs are determined by the way they deal with their personal hanger, appetite and how they formulate individual philosophy. There exist forces that differentiate good deeds and bad ones with the decisions made by an individual being more of avoiding the negative outcome and at the same time satisfying the political hunger. Some deploy negative tactics in trying to satisfy these needs. The quest for power does little to limit the way people interact with the environment(Plato, 1998, p 98). The obstacles are eliminated and the taste of this political responsibility would only but give those concerned the motivation to prolong their stay. The subjects are the most affected individual as any decisions made at the top level; would affect their wellbeing with others having to adapt to existing injustices while those unwilling to adapt are forced out of the political scene. Plato advocates for a scenario in which each other citizen should affiliate with each other as a means of bringing justice. The manner in which others are exploited eventually gives society an imbalanced nature.
The political composition of each state ranges from those in power to those who are the subjects. Plato refers to those in power as flute blowers meaning the nature in which they influence the activities of the society while the subjects who tend to be submissive and live under set guidelines. The two natures and types of people in the political world are them as whistleblowers (Plato, pg83). They play the tune composed by those in power. They lack the mandate to direct those in power but those in power can influence the subjects to stay in a given community and environment. The differences that nature provides give those who attain an advantage over the others to effectively measure and calculate their moves in order to maintain their status. The whistleblowers make decisions on behalf of the citizens as they term themselves as the representatives of the people. These people focus more on gaining supremacy over the subjects and other authorities present in the country. In the current world, the parliament is the source of any laws that govern any given country. They make decisions on behalf of the citizens even if they seem to be oppressive to them. The number of resources drawn from the general public in some undemocratic set up is usually oppressed the subjects and embezzle funds designed for development.
In conclusion, the book provides a holistic nature in which an individual can judge the human mind. The two aspects of evil and good are used by many to either show supremacy or compassion. The world shapes people in different ways there exist those people that are termed as superior and powerful than other and also there are those who through some unavoidable circumstances tend to hold lesser value as far as the social class is concerned. The society offers individuals an opportunity to transit from the lower class level to the higher rankings in society but the external and environmental factors when the injustices exceed the sense of life them people tend to seek means of bridging the gap. The gaps may be caused by other factors which at that time may have caused harm and oppression. There is the tendency of individuals to avenge any wrong done upon them hence they utilize the given opportunity to balance the scenario. The justice Plato is advocating is more of social balance and equal representation. The scenario will give each subject the chance to identify the major contributors to their failure and will have the ability to differentiate wrong from the right with the aim of recognizing social diversity. Diversity is more beneficial to society and it only requires recognition from the society
Plato. The republic. Trans. Jewett Benjamin. London: Electronic classic series, 1998. Print.
Rosen Stanley. A study guide: Plato’s republic. London: London university press, 2005. Print